Additional Information: My mother died last week in Massachusetts. My brother is the executor who refuses to give any information to his sisters. Do the sisters have the legal right to see the will? Do we need a lawyer to view the will? Can we go to probate court and ask to see a copy of the will and see the death certificate? Who oversees my brother to make sure that he appropriately carries out what the will states and disperses any money equally or as the will states to his other siblings? If we wish to contest the will, what is the time period it has to be filed within?
Attorney Answer: I am sorry about your loss. Under Massachusetts law, a will is required to be published in the probate court in which the decedent was “domiciled” (as of his or her death) within 30 days of the date of death. Shortly after publication of the will all heirs at law (usually spouses and children) are required to be sent a notice of both the probate proceeding and the requested appointment of the executor nominated by the will. That notice provides a date by which you or your attorney must file an “appearance”. This date is critical; if you do not file a notice of appearance by that date, you lose the ability to contest either the nomination of executor or the validity of the will. The notice of appearance is nothing more than a document with the name of the court, the case number and a title “Notice of Appearance” and stating that you are appearing in the matter. There is then a second and even more critical deadline. That deadline is the date by which you must file what is known as an “affidavit of objections”. The affidavit must be filed no later than 30 days after you file the notice of appearance. In the affidavit of objections, you are required to state under oath all of the reasons why you believe the will is invalid and/or the executor should not be appointed. These could range from lack of mental capacity to undue influence or even forgery to, in the case of executor appointment, a prior conviction of a crime involving fraud or theft. I highly recommend that you consult with an attorney at least for the preparation of this affidavit (which must contain certain “magical” language), if not for the filing of the appearance.